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School Critical Incident Planning and Risk Assessment Tool

Critical Incident Planning is designed to maximize human survival and preservation of property, minimize danger, ensure responsive communication between education and law enforcement personnel, and restore normal operations. Limited attention has been given to the application of technology to aid law enforcement personnel in their planning for effectively responding to critical incidents in schools.    

With funding provided by the National Institute of Justice, Office of Science and Technology, the Justice and Safety Center (JSC) conducted a two-phase project that resulted in the delivery of a Critical Incident Planning Internet Resource Directory and a Critical Incident Planning computer-based training module. The training module provides instruction on how to create a critical incident plan and serves as a tool by allowing users to enter their data to create a plan.

These resources are available on the National Law Enforcement Corrections Technology Center (NLECTC)’s website at:

In a related effort and in partnership with a risk assessment software company, the JSC developed a School Risk Assessment Tool. The tool was designed for the School Resource Officer, or other qualified user, to develop and produce an analysis of a school's security and vulnerability and to identify areas where improvements can be made. The tool incorporates a quantitative assessment capability that allows users to objectively assess their facility.

The tool is available on compact disc and includes instruction on the fundamental principles of physical security, risk assessment, and security technologies, as well as a template for generating reports on the user's own facility security detailing areas such as:Perimeter security and barriers        

  • Perimeter security and barriers
  • Lighting          
  • Access control
  • Intrusion detection systems
  • Surveillance systems
  • Crime prevention through environmental design
  • Transportation security
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