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The Impact of Terrorism on State Law Enforcement

Traditionally, state-level law enforcement has represented about 10 percent of total police employment in the United States. In keeping with this employment level, state law enforcement has traditionally played an important, but relatively small role in the overall picture of policing in America. Likewise, state police agencies have historically been neglected, relatively speaking, as the subjects of research and policy work. The information collected for this project, however, indicates an expanding role for state law enforcement since 2001, partly due to new roles and responsibilities associated with homeland security, and partly because state police are filling gaps and vacuums created by shifts in federal law enforcement priorities. Thus, while it is true that all types of police agencies have been significantly affected post Sept. 11, it seems that state law enforcement agencies have been affected the most.

Through support from the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) in 2003, The Council of State Governments (CSG) and the Eastern Kentucky University (EKU) Justice and Safety Center (JSC) implemented a research project to explore new law enforcement roles and responsibilities. Among other components of this 18-month effort, researchers conducted a 50-state survey of state and local law enforcement agencies, conducted a series of case studies, and convened an expert working group of public officials. This effort resulted in a list of suggestions relating to intelligence and protection, intergovernmental and public-private cooperation, integration with the criminal justice system, governance and legal issues, and other homeland security priorities.

This project resulted in multiple articles and project reports. For example, see: 

The Impact of Terrorism on State Law Enforcement: Adjusting to New Roles and Changing Conditions

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